Methodology for coupling local application of dopamine and other chemicals with rapid in vivo electrochemical recordings in freely-moving rats

Greg A. Gerhardt, Charles Ksir, Chad Pivik, Shelly D. Dickinson, Jilla Sabeti, Nancy R. Zahniser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Methodology is presented for constructing and using an electrode/microcannulae assembly that allows in vivo electrochemical measurements coupled with local application of dopamine (DA) and other chemicals in the unanesthetized freely-moving rat. Rats were implanted with a voltammetric electrode constructed of a carbon fiber sealed in fused silica tubing attached to a pair of stainless steel guide cannulae, into which fused silica injection cannulae were inserted for local application of DA and other chemicals. Precise delivery of nanoliter volumes was accomplished using a syringe drive combined with a fluid swivel to deliver the solutions to the injection cannulae. A newly-designed miniature potentiostat connected to a commutator via a modular telephone jack assembly allowed for high-speed chronoamperometric electrochemical recordings in freely-moving rats. Initial experiments characterized the in vitro electrochemical recording characteristics of the voltammetric electrode. In vivo studies were also carried out to study clearance of locally-applied DA and of potassium-evoked endogenous DA in the striatum and nucleus accumbens of freely-moving rats. In addition, the effects of chloral hydrate anesthesia on DA clearance signals in the nucleus accumbens were investigated. Moreover, the stability and reproducibility of this recording technique for measuring exogenous DA clearance was verified over a period of 5 days. Finally, the concurrent effects of systemic cocaine injection on DA uptake in nucleus accumbens and locomotor activity were examined. These studies support the conclusion that the methodology described herein allows for rapid chronoamperometric electrochemical recordings in freely-moving rats with precise microapplications of DA and other chemicals combined with concurrent measures of animal behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-76
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1999

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by USPHS grants AG06434, NS09199, DA04216, Research Scientist Development Award DA00174 (N.R.Z) and a Level II Research Scientist Development Award MH 01245 (G.A.G.).

Keywords

  • Chronoamperometry
  • Cocaine
  • Dopamine
  • Freely-moving rats
  • In vivo electrochemistry
  • Nucleus accumbens
  • Striatum
  • Transporter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (all)

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