Mining site reclamation planning based on land suitability analysis and ecosystem services evaluation: A case study in Liaoning Province, China

Jiali Wang, Fuqiang Zhao, Jian Yang, Xiaoshu Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Restoration of the degraded ecosystem is a global priority for achieving sustainable development. Although increasing ecosystem service is an important goal of ecological restoration, it is rarely used to inform mine reclamation. This study proposed a reclamation strategy that incorporated land suitability analysis and ecosystem service evaluation for a mining site in Liaoning Province, China. We assessed the land suitability for three reclamation alternatives and identified suitable land uses for each location by comparing their suitability levels. For areas that were suitable for multiple land uses with the same suitability level, the future land uses cannot be identified by land suitability analysis alone, and we employed ecosystem services evaluation to determine the optimal reclamation strategy. The results showed that forest could be restored throughout the entire mining site, agricultural land were most suitable in the western and southern parts, and developed land were in northern parts that were closer to roads and city centers. Our study showed that a large mining site can be reclaimed to different land uses and provided a practical framework for integrating ecosystem services into mine reclamation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number890
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 26 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 by the authors.

Keywords

  • China
  • Ecosystem service
  • Ecosystem service provision unit
  • Land suitability analysis
  • Mining site reclamation planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Building and Construction
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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