Mn-based mixed oxides for low temperature NOx adsorber applications

Yaying Ji, Dongyan Xu, Mark Crocker, Joseph R. Theis, Christine Lambert, Agustin Bueno-Lopez, Deb Harris, Dave Scapens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pd-promoted ternary oxides of the type Mn-Ce-Zr and Mn-Pr-Zr were characterized and evaluated for low temperature NOx storage applications such as diesel vehicle cold starts. While X-ray diffraction data were in all cases consistent with the formation of solid solutions, Mn/Zr and Mn/Ce(Pr) ratios found by XPS were consistently higher than the bulk values, indicative of an enrichment of Mn at the surface of the solids. Both sets of Pd-promoted mixed oxides showed remarkably high NOx storage efficiency in the range 80–160 °C, while a 1.8% Pd/Mn(27)-Ce(7)-Zr catalyst showed excellent NOx storage in simulated cold start experiments. Moreover, ramping the temperature to 370 °C in these experiments, simulating higher speed operation, resulted in near complete purging of stored NOx from the catalyst. NOx storage efficiency in isothermal storage experiments was found to improve with increasing Mn content for the 1%Pd/Mn(x)-Ce(7)-Zr series (x = 9, 18, 27 wt.%), DRIFTS measurements showing that relative to Ce-Zr mixed oxides, Mn incorporation favored NOx storage as nitrate. During temperature programmed desorption (TPD) two main desorption events were observed, corresponding to decomposition of nitrites (up to 200 °C), followed by loss of nitrates (⁓200–400 °C). Nitrates stored on Pd/Mn-Ce(Pr)-Zr mixed oxides desorbed during TPD at lower temperatures than for CeO2-ZrO2 mixed oxides, a finding attributed to the lower basicity of Mn compared to Ce. Hydrothermal aging of 1.8%Pd/Mn(27)-Ce(7)-Zr at 700 °C reduced NOx storage efficiency, although the catalyst was still able to store significant amounts of NOx. However, catalyst sulfation led to a large decrease in NOx storage efficiency and the efficiency could not be completely recovered with lean or rich desulfations at high temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-101
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume567
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 25 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Cerium
  • Low temperature
  • Manganese
  • NOx adsorption
  • Palladium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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