Mode of delivery in antepartum stillbirths

Robert M. Rossi, Eric S. Hall, Emily A. DeFranco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective: Stillbirth complicates 1 in 160 pregnancies in the United States. We sought to determine the rate of cesarean delivery in pregnancies complicated by antepartum stillbirth and to identify characteristics associated with cesarean delivery. Study Design: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study of all stillbirths in the United States during the year of 2014. Frequency of cesarean delivery was stratified by week of gestation. Maternal, obstetric, and fetal characteristics were compared between women with antepartum stillbirth who underwent cesarean delivery compared with vaginal delivery. Multivariate logistic regression estimated the relative influence of maternal, obstetric, and fetal factors on the outcome of cesarean delivery. Results: There were 16,160 nonlaboring women diagnosed with stillbirth during 2014 in the United States. Of the 16,160 stillbirths, 2449 (15.2%) underwent cesarean delivery. At 20–23, 24–27, 28–31, 32–36, and >36 weeks of gestation, the cesarean delivery rate was 4.0%, 16.2%, 23.7%, 30.8%, and 28.8%, respectively. Factors associated with cesarean delivery included gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, use of assisted reproductive technology, history of prior cesarean delivery, and increasing gestational age at delivery. Conclusion: Approximately 15% of women diagnosed with a stillbirth after 16 weeks of gestation underwent a cesarean delivery in 2014. The stillbirth cesarean delivery rate peaked during the third trimester, during which more than 1 in 4 women underwent a cesarean birth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-164.e2
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology MFM
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.


  • cesarean delivery
  • stillbirth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • General Medicine


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