Modeling the catalysis of anti-cocaine catalytic antibody: Competing reaction pathways and free energy barriers

Yongmei Pan, Daquan Gao, Chang Guo Zhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

The competing reaction pathways and the corresponding free energy barriers for cocaine hydrolysis catalyzed by an anti-cocaine catalytic antibody, mAb15A10, were studied by using a novel computational strategy based on the binding free energy calculations on the antibody binding with cocaine and transition states. The calculated binding free energies were used to evaluate the free energy barrier shift from the cocaine hydrolysis in water to the antibody-catalyzed cocaine hydrolysis for each reaction pathway. The free energy barriers for the antibody-catalyzed cocaine hydrolysis were predicted to be the corresponding free energy barriers for the cocaine hydrolysis in water plus the calculated free energy barrier shifts. The calculated free energy barrier shift of -6.87 kcal/mol from the dominant reaction pathway of the cocaine benzoyl ester hydrolysis in water to the dominant reaction pathway of the antibody-catalyzed cocaine hydrolysis is in good agreement with the experimentally derived free energy barrier shift of -5.93 kcal/mol. The calculated mutation-caused shifts of the free energy barrier are also reasonably close to the available experimental activity data. The good agreement suggests that the protocol for calculating the free energy barrier shift from the cocaine hydrolysis in water to the antibody-catalyzed cocaine hydrolysis may be used in future rational design of possible high-activity mutants of the antibody as anti-cocaine therapeutics. The general strategy of the free energy barrier shift calculation may also be valuable in studying a variety of chemical reactions catalyzed by other antibodies or proteins through noncovalent bonding interactions with the substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5140-5149
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume130
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 16 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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