Apolipoprotein A-IV (apoA-IV) is a 376-amino acid exchangeable apolipoprotein made in the small intestine of humans. Although it has many proposed roles in vascular disease, satiety, and chylomicron metabolism, there is no known structural basis for these functions. The ability to associate with lipids may be a key step in apoA-IV functionality. We recently identified a single amino acid, Phe334, which seems to inhibit the lipid binding capability of apoA-IV. We also found that an intact N terminus was necessary for increased lipid binding of Phe334 mutants. Here, we identify Trp12 and Phe15 as the N-terminal amino acids required for the fast lipid binding seen with the F334A mutant. Furthermore, we found that individual disruption of putative amphipathic α-helices 3-11 had little effect on lipid binding, suggesting that theNterminus of apoA-IV may be the operational site for initial lipid binding. We also provide three independent pieces of experimental evidence supporting a direct intramolecular interaction between sequences near amino acids 12/15 and 334. This interaction could represent a unique "switch" mechanism by which apoA-IV changes lipid avidity in vivo.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 28 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology