Modulation of caspase-3 activity and fas ligand mRNA expression in rat liver cells in vivo by alcohol and lipopolysaccharide

Ion V. Deaciuc, Franco Fortunato, Nympha B. D'Souza, Daniell B. Hill, Jack Schmidt, Eun Y. Lee, Craig J. McClain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if exacerbation of apoptosis precedes liver injury during chronic exposure of rats to alcohol. After 7 weeks of feeding an alcohol- or dextrin-containing liquid diet, the animals were treated with Gram-negative bacterial lipopolysaccharide (1 mg · kg-1 body weight, intravenously) or sterile saline and sacrificed 3 hr after the treatment. Alanine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase (ALT) and lactate:NAD oxidoreductase [lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)] were measured in plasma. The caudate lobe of the liver was resected for histology, while the rest of the organ was perfused with collagenase to isolate hepatocytes, Kupffer cells (KCs), and sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs) by centrifugal elutriation. Hepatocyte mitochondria were isolated by differential centrifugation of the cell homogenate. Reduced and oxidized glutathione (GSH and GSSG) in isolated hepatocytes and hepatocyte mitochondria, and malondialdehyde in hepatocytes were assayed. Caspase-3 activity and Fas ligand mRNA expression were determined in hepatocytes, KCs, and SECs. Plasma ALT and LDH activity, liver histology, GSH, GSSG and their ratio, and malondialdehyde content were not affected by alcohol treatment. Caspase-3 activity was significantly increased in alcohol-treated rats in all three cell types, with the lowest response observed in hepatocytes and the highest in KCs. Fas ligand mRNA expression, which had the highest level in SECs, followed by KCs and hepatocytes, was not affected 'by alcohol administration. Lipopolysaccharide had the following effects: an increase in ALT in both pair- and alcohol-fed rats, and LDH only in alcohol-fed rats, a decrease in GSH + GSSG levels in both mitochondria and hepatocytes, an elevation of malondialdehyde content in hepatocytes, a raise in caspase-3 activity in all groups and cell types, and an augmentation of Fas ligand expression in hepatocytes and KCs, but not in SECs. These data suggest that, during chronic alcohol consumption, an exacerbated apoptosis precedes alcohol-induced liver injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-356
Number of pages8
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1999

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Caspase-3
  • Chronic Alcohol Exposure
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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