Modulatory effect of Gymnema montanum leaf extract on brain antioxidant status and lipid peroxidation in diabetic rats

Kunga Mohan Ramkumar, Muniappan Latha, Subramaniam Venkateswaran, Leelavinothan Pari, Rajendran Ananthan, Vengatesh Narmatha Bai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The effects of leaf extract from Gymnema montanum, an endangered and endemic plant, were examined on brain lipid peroxidation in experimental diabetic rats. Ethanolic extract of G. montanum leaves was administered orally (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg of body weight) for 3 weeks, and changes in blood glucose, plasma insulin, and lipid peroxidation markers such as thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), hydroperoxides, and levels of antioxidants, namely, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, reduced glutathione, and glutathione-S-transferase, were examined in the brain of alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Glibenclamide was used as a standard reference drug. A significant increase in the activities of antioxidants was observed in brain on treatment with G. montanum leaf extract and glibenclamide for 3 weeks. Both the treated groups showed significant decreases in formation of TBARS and hydroperoxides in brain, suggesting a role in protective action against lipid peroxidation-mediated membrane damage. Our findings indicate that G. montanum leaf extract possesses antiperoxidative and antioxidant effects in addition to its antidiabetic activity. This report helps to create awareness on the need for conservation of medicinal plants, and G. montanum is one such plant that needs to be conserved through various propagation trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-371
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medicinal Food
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2004


  • Alloxan-induced diabetes
  • Antioxidants
  • Brain
  • Gymnema montanum
  • Insulin
  • Lipid peroxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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