Molecular mechanisms of platelet exocytosis: Role of SNAP-23 and syntaxin 2 in dense core granule release

Dong Chen, Audrey M. Bernstein, Paula P. Lemons, Sidney W. Whiteheart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

143 Scopus citations


To characterize the molecular mechanisms of platelet secretion, we focused on the calcium-induced exocytosis of dense core granules. Platelets contain several known t-SNAREs (soluble N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor [NSF] attachment protein receptors) such as syntaxins 2, 4, and 7 and SNAP-23 (synaptosomal associated protein 23). By using an in vitro exocytosis assay, we have been able to assign roles for some of these t-SNAREs in dense core granule release. This calcium-induced secretion relies on the SNARE proteins because it is stimulated by the addition of recombinant α-SNAP and inhibited by a dominant negative α-SNAP-L294A mutant or by anti-α-SNAP and anti-NSF antibodies. SNAP-23 antibodies and an inhibitory C-terminal SNAP-23 peptide both blocked dense core granule release, demonstrating a role for SNAP-23. Unlike other cell types, platelets contain a significant pool of soluble SNAP-23, which does not partition into Triton X-114. Of the antisyntaxin antibodies tested, only anti- syntaxin 2 antibody inhibited dense core granule release. Immunoprecipitation studies showed that the 2 t-SNAREs syntaxin 2 and SNAP-23 do form a complex in vivo. These data clearly show that SNAPs, NSF, and specific t-SNAREs are used for dense core granule release; these data provide a greater understanding of regulated exocytosis in platelets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-929
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology


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