Manganese is an essential element for maintaining life. Overexposure to the metal, however, can be toxic to organisms. Given the significant function of manganese in insects, agriculture, and human disease, as well as in the healthy ecology of the planet, the biological activities of manganese in insects needs consideration. Because of the role of manganese as a cofactor for essential enzymes present in different organelles, both over and underexposure to manganese has a multifaceted effect on organisms. At the physiological level, the effects of insect exposure to the metal on enzymatic activities and consequent alteration of insect behaviors are best explained through the metal's role in modulating the dopaminergic system. Despite numerous examples that alterations in manganese homeostasis have profound effects on insects, the cellular mechanisms that ensure homeostasis of this essential metal remain presently unknown, calling for further research in this area.
|Current Opinion in Insect Science
|Published - Jun 2022
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Wendi Neckameyer, PhD for editorial assistance. Jun-Hee Park for illustrative design. Funded by Chellgren Endowed Funding to R.L.C.
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Insect Science