Molecular signature of recovery following combination left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support and pharmacologic therapy

Jennifer L. Hall, Emma J. Birks, Suzanne Grindle, Martin E. Cullen, Paul J. Barton, James E. Rider, Sangjin Lee, Subash Harwalker, Ami Mariash, Neeta Adhikari, Nathan J. Charles, Leanne E. Felkin, Sean Polster, Robert S. George, Leslie W. Miller, Magdi H. Yacoub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


Aims: A novel combination therapy consisting of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) combined with pharmacologic therapy including the selective β2-agonist, clenbuterol, has shown promise in restoring ventricular function in patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to identify common genes and signalling pathways whose expression was associated with reversal of heart failure and restoration of ventricular function. Methods and results: Microarray analysis was performed on six paired human heart samples harvested at the time of LVAD implant and at the time of LVAD explant for recovery of ventricular function (post). Follow-up data shows that the improvements in ventricular function have been maintained for an average of 3.8 years post-explant. Analysis of the gene expression data revealed: (i) a significant association of integrin pathway signalling with recovery and (ii) the identification of several novel targets including, EPAC2, in the well-described cAMP pathway whose expression was down-regulated with recovery, and was associated with improvements in cardiac contractility, metabolism, and function. Conclusion: This data set represents the first description of signalling pathways associated with the functional recovery of end-stage human heart failure and the identification of new targets in the human heart that are modified by this combination therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-627
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 2007


  • EPAC2
  • Gene expression
  • Genomics
  • Heart failure
  • Left ventricular assist device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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