Morbid Obesity is Associated with Increased Mortality, Surgical Complications, and Incremental Health Care Utilization in the Peri-Operative Period of Colorectal Cancer Surgery

Hisham Hussan, Darrell M. Gray, Alice Hinton, Somashekar G. Krishna, Darwin L. Conwell, Peter P. Stanich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Morbid obesity (Basic Mass Index ≥ 40 kg/m2) leads to increased long-term mortality after colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery. Little is known about its effects on peri-operative CRC surgery outcomes. Methods: 85,300 discharges for CRC surgery were identified using the redesigned 2012 National Inpatient Sample. Outcomes of interest were mortality, healthcare charges, and surgical outcomes in morbidly obese patients which were compared to those in nonobese patients. Results: There were 4385 (5.14%) morbidly obese patients who underwent CRC surgery during the study period. Morbid obesity was associated with younger age, females, and African Americans in our study (p < 0.05). Morbidly obese patients had higher prevalence of CRC peri-operative co-morbidities, surgical complications, and conversions from laparoscopic to open surgery. On multivariate analysis, morbid obesity led to an increased CRC surgery peri-operative mortality (OR 1.85, 95 % CI 1.15, 2.97). Mortality remained significant even after adjusting for surgical complications (OR 1.79, 95 % CI 1.12, 2.88). Morbidly obese patients undergoing CRC also had a prolonged length of hospitalization (1.22 day, 95 % CI 0.67, 1.78), a $15,582 increase in total hospital charges (95 % CI 8419, 22,745), and increased disposition to short-term rehabilitation facilities (OR 2.25, 95 % CI 1.79, 2.84). Conclusion: Analysis of national level data demonstrates that morbidly obese patients have an increased CRC surgery peri-operative mortality with higher prevalence of co-morbidities, surgical complications, and more health care resource utilization. Future research efforts should concentrate on ameliorating these outcomes in morbidly obese patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)987-994
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Société Internationale de Chirurgie.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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