Introduction Injuries and fatalities due to large truck and other vehicle crashes have decreased over the last decade, but motor vehicle injuries remain a leading cause of death for both the working and general populations. The present study was undertaken to determine semi truck driver and sleeper berth passenger injury risk in a moving semi truck collision using a matched-pair cohort study. Method Study data were obtained from the Kentucky Collision Report Analysis for Safer Highways (CRASH) electronic files for 2000-2010. A matched-pair cohort study was used to compare the odds of injury of both drivers and sleeper berth passengers within the same semi truck controlling for variables specific to the crash or the semi truck. The crude odds ratio of injury was estimated and a statistical model for a correlated outcome using generalized estimating equations was utilized. Results In a moving semi truck collision, the odds for an injury were increased by 2.25 times for both semi truck drivers and sleeper berth passengers who did not use occupant safety restraints compared to semi truck drivers and sleeper berth passengers who used occupant safety restraints at the time of the collision. The driver seat or sleeper berth position in the vehicle was not a significant factor (p-value = 0.31) associated with a moving semi truck collision injury. Conclusion Nonuse of occupant safety restraints by either drivers or sleeper berth passengers significantly increased the odds of an injury in a moving semi truck collision; semi truck seating position (driver's seat or sleeper berth) did not increase the odds for an injury in moving collisions. Impact on Industry Trucking companies should include the mandatory use of occupant safety restraints by both semi truck drivers and sleeper berth passengers in their company safety policies.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Safety Research|
|State||Published - Feb 2013|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are grateful to the Kentucky State Police for supplying the electronic CRASH data for this study. This work was supported by Grant/Cooperative Agreement Number 2U60OH008483-07 from NIOSH . Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of NIOSH.
- Occupant safety restraints
- Semi truck
- Sleeper berth
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Building and Construction
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality