Motorcycle helmets and head injuries in Kentucky, 1995-2000.

W. Jay Christian, Michelle Carroll, Kimberly Meyer, Todd W. Vitaz, Glen A. Franklin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Motorcycle crashes are common occurrences in Kentucky, and often result in injury or death. The use of motorcycle helmets may improve injury outcomes. Data collected from University of Louisville Hospital trauma center were used to investigate the association between motorcycle helmet use and traumatic brain injuries (TBI), severe head injuries, and acute care hospital charges. Multiple logistic and linear regression models were used for analysis. Motorcycle drivers who did not wear helmets were more likely to incur a TBI (OR = 4.33, 95% CI: 2.60-7.20), severe head injuries (OR = 4.36, 95% CI: 2.58-7.37), and higher acute care hospital charges (beta = $26,618, 95% CI: $8670-$44,565). Kentucky's failure to require mandatory helmet use may increase incidence of TBI and severe head injuries among motorcyclists, and cost state government millions of dollars to pay for care for uninsured or Medicaid patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-26
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of the Kentucky Medical Association
Volume101
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)

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