A novel member of the mouse serum amyloid A protein family, SAA5, has been identified as a normal apolipoprotein component of non-acute-phase high density lipoprotein (HDL). The structure of SAA5 was derived from a clone isolated from a normal Balb/c liver cDNA library. The clone predicts a pre- SAA5 molecule of 130 residues from which an 18-residue leader peptide is cleaved. The mature molecule has an octapeptide insert spanning from position 70 to 77. Similar inserts are found in human C-SAA and, paradoxically, in acute-phase SAA molecules of a number of other species. There is 48% amino acid identity between apo-SAA5 and the other mouse SAA proteins and 57% identity between the human C-SAA and apo-SAA5. The SAA5 mRNA is three times larger than previously identified SAA mRNAs. Although SAA5 is constitutively expressed in the liver, it has a rapid albeit muted response to inflammatory stimuli. The increase of SAA5 mRNA is due to increased transcription rather than mRNA stabilization. Plasma SAA5 levels during the acute phase are biphasic, either because of translational control or displacement from HDL and rapid clearance. We propose that constitutive SAAs (SAA5) on normal HDL contribute to its normal physiological role, whereas the dramatically inducible family members (SAA1, SAA2, SAA3) equip this particle for an altered functional role during inflammation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Feb 11 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology