Mrp1 localization and function in cardiac mitochondria after doxorubicin

Paiboon Jungsuwadee, Ramaneeya Nithipongvanitch, Yumin Chen, Terry D. Oberley, D. Allan Butterfield, Daret K. St Clair, Mary Vore

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41 Scopus citations


Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (Mrp1; Abcc1) is expressed in sarcolemma of murine heart, where it probably protects the cardiomyocyte by mediating efflux of endo- and xenobiotics. We used doxorubicin (DOX), a chemotherapeutic drug known to induce oxidative stress and thereby cardiac injury, as a model cardiotoxic compound and observed changes in the Mrp1 expression pattern in cardiac tissue of DOX- versus saline-treated mice. Confocal immunofluorescent and immunogold electron microscopy, together with subcellular fractionation followed by immunoblot analyses and transport measurements, localized functional Mrp1 to mitochondria after DOX. Expressions of Mrp1 in heart homogenate, sarcolemma, and submitochondrial particles (SMP) were increased 1.6-, 2-, and 3-fold, respectively, at 24 h after DOX. Mitochondrial Mrp1 expression was markedly increased 72 h after DOX, whereas transport of Mrp1 substrates in SMP was maximal at 24 h. ATP-dependent transport in SMP occurred into an osmotically sensitive space and was inhibited by the anti-MRP1 antibody QCRL3. Adduction of a 190-kDa protein with the reactive lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) was detected in SMP and was maximal at 72 h after DOX; immunoprecipitation confirmed Mrp1-HNE adduction. In vitro, HNE (10 μM) inhibited mitochondrial respiration and transport activity in SMP, suggesting that Mrp1 is adversely affected by oxidative stress. These data demonstrate that after DOX, functional Mrp1 is detected in mitochondria in addition to that in sarcolemma; however, adduction with HNE inhibits Mrp1 activity. Mrp1 may serve to protect the heart by mediating the efflux of toxic products of oxidative stress from mitochondria and cardiomyocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1117-1126
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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