Multi-camera surveillance systems for time and motion studies of timber harvesting equipment

Marco Contreras, Rafael Freitas, Lucas Ribeiro, Jeffrey Stringer, Chase Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


We evaluated the feasibility of using a multi-camera security system to conduct time and motion studies. It was installed on a John Deere 540G cable skidder and connected to the skidder's battery for continuous recording with minimal effort and intervention. After recording the skidder's work for eleven experimental skidding cycles, time stamped video footage was visually inspected to obtain time consumption of work tasks, which provided for accurate calculation of total cycle times and delays. Several advantages of the security camera system including quick and non-invasive installation, large memory storage, transferability, resistance to weather elements, and the capacity to capture different views, offer a great potential for this method to be adopted as a reliable approach to accurately conduct time and motion studies. Along with distance and gradient information for skid-trail segments, we also explored the influence of gradient on travel time for loaded and unloaded skidding. There is a need for future studies to formally explore this relationship and develop more detailed cycle time equations that explicitly take into account skid-trail gradient for individual segments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-215
Number of pages8
JournalComputers and Electronics in Agriculture
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


  • Forest operations
  • Productivity and costs
  • Skid-trail locations
  • Skidding cycle time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Horticulture


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