Chondrodysplastic dwarfism in Miniature horses appeared to be a recessive genetic trait based on the occurrence of affected offspring by normal parents. Dwarf phenotypes vary and range from abnormal abortuses to viable offspring with evidence of skeletal dysplasia. A genome-wide association study implicated a region of ECA1 with dwarfism in Miniature horses. Aggrecan (ACAN) was a candidate gene in that region, and exons were sequenced to compare DNA sequences for dwarf and non-dwarf horses. Sequencing led to the discovery of variants in exons 2, 6, 7 and 15 associated with dwarfism. The four variants are identified with reference to Ecab 3.0 (GCF_002863925.1) as g.95291270del (rs1095048841), g.95284530C>T (ERP107353), g.95282140C>G (rs1095048823) and g.95257480_95257500del (rs1095048839) and designated here as D1, D2, D3* and D4 respectively. A previous study at another laboratory reported dwarfism associated with homozygosity for D3*. Homozygotes for those variants and compound heterozygotes for any combination of those variants always expressed a dwarfism phenotype. However, eight additional horses with dwarfism were found, seven of which were heterozygotes for D2, D3* or D4, suggesting the existence of additional ACAN alleles causing dwarfism. Among Miniature horses, the combined frequency of D1, D2, D3* and D4 was 0.163, suggesting a carrier rate of 26.2% for alleles causing chondrodysplastic dwarfism.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Oct 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Morris Animal Foundation and funds from the University of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and published as manuscript # 18-14-001.
© 2018 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics
- exonic variation
- recessive disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology