Multiple genes encoding pheromones and a pheromone receptor define the Bβ1 mating-type specificity in Schizophyllum commune

Lisa J. Vaillancourt, Marjatta Raudaskoski, Charles A. Specht, Carlene A. Raper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

The genes defining multiple B mating types in the wood-rotting mushroom Schizophyllum commune are predicted to encode multiple pheromones and pheromone receptors. These genes are clustered in each of two recombinable and independently functioning loci, Bα and Bβ. A difference in specificity at either locus between a mated pair of individuals initiates an identical series of events in sexual morphogenesis. The Bα1 locus was recently found to contain genes predicted to encode three lipopeptide pheromones and a pheromone receptor with a seven-transmembrane domain. These gene products interact in heterospecific pairs, the pheromone of one Bα specificity with the receptor of any one of the other eight Bα specificities, and are likely to activate a signaling cascade similar to that known for mating in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We report here that the Bβ1 locus also contains at least three pheromone genes and one pheromone receptor gene, which function similarly to the genes in the Bα1 locus, but only within the series of Bβ specificities. A comparison of the DNA sequences of the Bα1 and Bβ1 loci suggests that each arose from a common ancestral sequence, allowing us to speculate about the evolution of this unique series of regulatory genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-551
Number of pages11
JournalGenetics
Volume146
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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