Phenolic compounds are commonly incorporated into muscle foods to inhibit lipid oxidation and modify product flavor. Those that are present in or extracted from plant sources (seeds, leaves, and stems) known as “phytophenols” are of particular importance in the current meat industry due to natural origins, diversity, and safety record. Apart from these primary roles as antioxidants and flavorings, phytophenols are now recognized to be chemically reactive with a variety of food constituents, including proteins. In processed muscle foods, where the structure-forming ability is critical to a product's texture-related quality attributes and palatability, the functional properties of proteins, especially gelation and emulsification, play an essential role. A vast amount of recent studies has been devoted to protein–phenol interactions to investigate the impact on meat product texture and flavor. Considerable efforts have been made to elucidate the specific roles of phytophenol interaction with “myoproteins” (i.e., muscle-derived proteins) probing the structure-forming process in cooked meat products. The present review provides an insight into the actions of phytophenols in modifying and interacting with muscle proteins with an emphasis on the reaction mechanisms, detection methods, protein functionality, and implications for structural characteristics and textural properties of muscle foods.
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety|
|State||Published - May 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Hatch Project 1020736.
© 2021 Institute of Food Technologists®
- muscle foods
- myofibrillar proteins
- phenolic compounds
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science