NAFTA and the pollution haven hypothesis

Josh Ederington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The "Pollution Haven Hypothesis" is the prediction that trade liberalization will lead to the movement of polluting industries from high income/stringent environmental regulation countries to low income/ lax environmental regulation countries. This prediction has led to concerns that NAFTA would be an environmental disaster for Mexico. The three articles included in this collection investigate the post-NAFTA environmental performance of Mexico using both aggregate data on pollution emissions as well as firm-level data on environmental abatement efforts. In this article, I summarize the contribution in the context of the trade/environmental literature and provide some suggestions for future work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-244
Number of pages6
JournalPolicy Studies Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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