Membrane processes provide a highly flexible separation technique from desalination and toxic metals/organics removal to permeate water recycling and reuse. The integration of nanostructured materials in surfaces and pores brings additional benefits in terms of stimuli-responsive behaviour and catalytic properties. The incorporation of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles expands the applications of membranes further by the ability to degrade toxic organics at room temperature or to alter separation properties. This chapter presents membrane functionalisation and synthesis aspects, role of pH/temperature-responsive polymers and inorganic catalysts, etc. for numerous environmental applications in the field of polymeric membrane technology related to nanocomposite and nanostructured materials.
|Title of host publication||Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment|
|Number of pages||43|
|State||Published - Mar 17 2016|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors of this chapter would like to acknowledge the contributions of Drs S. Lewis, V. Smuleac, N. Meeks, L. Xiao, A. Isner, J. Papp, D. Davenport, A. Colburn, and M. Gui from Dr D. Bhattacharyya's group, and other collaborators (Dr Sikdar of US EPA, D. Sedlak of UC Berkeley, Ben Weaver and D. Takigawa of Nanostone Co.). Part of the research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number P42ES007380 and NSF-EPSCoR (NSF Award No. 1355438) Programs, and by Southern Company. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the agencies involved. The authors have also collaborated with Nanostone Water Inc, CA, in the development of the manufacturing of full-scale functionalised membranes for use in a wide range of water treatment applications.
© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Functionalised membranes
- Metals and metal oxides
- Surface modification
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Engineering (all)
- Chemical Engineering (all)