National and state estimates of COPD morbidity and mortality - United States, 2014-2015

Jamie Sullivan, Vira Pravosud, David M. Mannino, Keith Siegel, Radmila Choate, Tracie Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains a leading cause of disability and death in the United States. The "COPD in the United States" project gathered data about the impact of COPD to highlight variability across states and provide a single point of access to data for state decision makers, the public health community and advocates. This report provides a summary of COPD-related morbidity and mortality in the United States and individual states during 2014-2015 (some metrics contain data from other years). Methods: We used data from multiple sources (the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System [BRFSS], the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Wide-ranging ONline Data for Epidemiologic Research online database, the CDC's chronic disease indicators data, Centers from Medicare and Medicaid Services Chronic Conditions Data Warehouse, Medical Expenditures Panel Survey and the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation Pulmonary Rehabilitation Directory) to estimate 10 national and state-specific COPD metrics (prevalence, hospitalizations and emergency department visits, 30-day hospital readmissions, mortality, vaccinations, smoking prevalence, per capita medical cost, and the number of COPD patients per a pulmonary rehabilitation program) and to calculate average score across the 10 metrics. Additionally, we used BRFSS data to calculate the prevalence of common comorbid diseases among people who also report having a diagnosis of COPD. Results: During 2014-2015, 5.9% of adults (more than 15.9 million) reported having been told by their health care professional that they had COPD. The age-adjusted prevalence ranged from 3.7% for Puerto Rico and Hawaii, to 12% for West Virginia. The average score, 1 being best and 5 being worst, of the overall COPD burden based on the 10 key metrics ranged from 1.5 for Puerto Rico and Utah to 4.6 for West Virginia. Conclusion: The level of COPD morbidity and mortality is severe throughout the United States. There is considerable variability in COPD metrics by state. These differences may be useful in identifying and addressing policy gaps in the public health approach to COPD and in implementing the COPD National Action Plan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-333
Number of pages10
JournalChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Abbreviations: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD; Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, BRFSS; emergency department, ED; Center for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC; coronary heart disease, CHD; myocardial infarction, MI; cardiovascular diseases, CVDs; Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research, WONDER; International Classification for Disease-10th revision, ICD-10; chronic disease indicators, CDI; Centers for Medicare and Medicaid, CMS; pulmonary rehabilitation, PR; age-adjusted prevalence, AAP Funding Support: The COPD Foundation received grants from Boehringer Ingelheim and AstraZeneca for partial support of this work. Date of Acceptance: October 2, 2018 Citation: Sullivan J, Pravosud V, Mannino DM, Siegel K, Choate R, Sullivan T. National and state estimates of COPD morbidity and mortality — United States, 2014-2015. Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis. 2018;5(4):324-333. doi: https://doi.org/10.15326/jcopdf.5.4.2018.0157

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 JCOPDF.

Keywords

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
  • COPD
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Comorbidities
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • Prevalence
  • State data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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