Objectives We hypothesized that hospitalizations in cystic fibrosis (CF) would reflect the development of age-related comorbidities. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2017). Hospitalizations for which the principal diagnosis was CF were analyzed regarding age at discharge and presence of comorbidities. Trends were assessed for significance using the Cochran-Armitage test. Results The mean age of patients hospitalized for CF increased from 19.7 years in 2002 to 23.0 years in 2017 (P = 0.017). Several comorbidities are more than 10 times more prevalent among adults as compared with children, including congestive heart failure, substance abuse, and chronic kidney disease (P < 0.001). In addition, diabetes with chronic complications was more prevalent in adults than children (10.0% vs 3.9%; P < 0.001), as was hypertension (7.2% vs 1.3%; P < 0.001) and osteoporosis (10.2% vs 1.9%; P < 0.001). More than 65% of CF hospitalizations in 2017 were in individuals older than 18 years. Conclusions Hospitalizations for adults with CF are increasing, and individuals with CF are developing age-related comorbidities. Providers equipped to manage the health care needs of adults need to be ready and able to care for this unique and growing patient population.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
© Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
- pediatric to adult transition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism