Nebulin isoforms of extraocular muscle

Carole L. Moncman, Francisco H. Andrade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The extraocular muscles (EOMs), which are responsible for reflexive and voluntary eye movements, have many unique biochemical, physiological, and ultrastructural features that set them apart from other skeletal muscles. For example, rodent EOMs lack M-lines and express EOM-specific myosin heavy chain (MYH13) and α-cardiac myosin heavy chain. Recent gene-expression profiling studies indicate the presence of other cardiac-specific proteins in adult EOMs. This interesting mixture of myofibrillar and cytoskeletal proteins poses the questions as to whether nebulette, as opposed to nebulin, might be expressed in EOM, and what isoforms of titin are expressed in the EOM. We have performed gel electrophoresis and immunological analyses to determine the titin and nebulin isoforms expressed in the EOM. We have found that the mass of the titin isoforms expressed in the EOM most closely resemble those found in the skeletal muscles tested, viz., the soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL). We also demonstrate that, although the EOM expresses cardiac isoforms of myosin, it does not express nebulette and contains a nebulin isoform with a mass consistent with that found in the prototypical fast hindlimb muscle EDL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-420
Number of pages6
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by grants from NIH-NHLB HL073089 to C. L.M. and NEI/NIH EY12998 to F.H.A.


  • LASP
  • Myofibrillogenesis
  • Myosin
  • Nebulette
  • Rat (Sprague Dawley)
  • Titin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology


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