Needs of recovering cardiac patients and their spouses: compared views

Debra K. Moser, Kathleen A. Dracup, Celine Marsden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


Identifying the needs of patients and spouses following an acute cardiac event is an essential first step in the development of nursing interventions to facilitate couples' psychosocial adaptation. Therefore, the self-perceived needs of 49 couples were compared 5 months following the patients' hospitalization for an acute cardiac event (i.e. myocardial infarction or coronary artery revascularization). Both patients and spouses identified the need for information as being most important compared with all other needs; however, significant discrepancies were found in ratings between patients and spouses. Needs which spouses rated as having a high priority included receiving information about the patient's feelings during the recovery period, having time alone, talking with the patient about concerns, and receiving information about the expected psychological recovery. Patients did not consider these same needs as they related to their spouses particularly important. Rather, they rated the need for information about their condition, the need to have honest explanations, and the need to talk with a health professional about their problems as having the highest priority. Many of the needs that both patients and spouses ranked as being important or very important were unmet in 40-70% of the cases. In this study, both patients and spouses expressed similar needs for information, but the type of information that they wanted differed and, in the majority of cases, these needs were not met by nurses and physicians.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-114
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1993

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
A~~knowledgements--This study was partially funded Institute: National Institutes of Health (ROI HL32171).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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