Negative emotionality across diagnostic models: RDoC, DSM-5 section III, and FFM

Whitney L. Gore, Thomas A. Widiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The research domain criteria (RDoC) were established in an effort to explore underlying dimensions that cut across many existing disorders and to provide an alternative to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). One purpose of the present study was to suggest a potential alignment of RDoC negative valence with 2 other dimensional models of negative emotionality: five-factor model (FFM) neuroticism and the DSM-5 Section III negative affectivity. A second purpose of the study, though, was to compare their coverage of negative emotionality, more specifically with respect to affective instability. Participants were adult community residents (N = 90) currently in mental health treatment. Participants received self-report measures of RDoC negative valence, FFM neuroticism, and DSM-5 Section III negative affectivity, along with measures of affective instability, borderline personality disorder, and impairment. Findings suggested that RDoC negative valence is commensurate with FFM neuroticism and DSM-5 Section III negative affectivity, and it would be beneficial if it was expanded to include affective instability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-164
Number of pages10
JournalPersonality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Psychological Association.


  • Affective instability
  • DSM-5 Section III
  • Five-factor model
  • Negative emotionality
  • RDoC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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