Neonatal abstinence syndrome and childhood mental health conditions, 2009-2015: Commercial versus Medicaid populations

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Objective: This study aimed to examine mental health conditions of children diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in a commercially insured population and compare them with a multistate Medicaid-insured population identified in prior research. Methods: Data from the IBM MarketScan Commercial Database from January 1, 2009, to September 30, 2015, were used to identify mental health conditions among children ages 1-5 both with and without NAS. Frequency analyses were conducted to ascertain intrapopulation differences and differences between the commercially insured and Medicaid populations. Results: The NAS rate in the Medicaid population was 28.7 times higher than in the commercially insured population. Although the sample of children with NAS was small, and the results must be interpreted with caution, elevated rates of childhood mental health conditions observed in the commercially insured population were comparable to the Medicaid population. Conclusions: This analysis emphasizes the difference in rates of NAS between commercially insured and Medicaid populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-187
Number of pages4
JournalPsychiatric Services
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This publication was supported by grant UL1TR001998, awarded by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health (NIH). The authors acknowledge Dr. Daniel Harris for data support. These views represent the opinions of the authors and not necessarily those of the NIH.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Psychiatric Association. All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)


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