The degenerative process of Alzheimer's disease is linked to a shift in the balance between amyloid-β (Aβ) production, clearance, and degradation. Neprilysin has recently been implicated as a major extracellular Aβ degrading enzyme in the brain. However, there has been no direct demonstration that neprilysin antagonizes the deposition of amyloid-β in vivo. To address this issue, a lentiviral vector expressing human neprilysin (Lenti-Nep) was tested in transgenic mouse models of amyloidosis. We show that unilateral intracerebral injection of Lenti-Nep reduced amyloid-β deposits by half relative to the untreated side. Furthermore, Lenti-Nep ameliorated neurodegenerative alterations in the frontal cortex and hippocampus of these transgenic mice. These data further support a role for neprilysin in regulating cerebral amyloid deposition and suggest that gene transfer approaches might have potential for the development of alternative therapies for Alzheimer's disease.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience|
|State||Published - Mar 15 2003|
- Alzheimer's disease
- Gene therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuroscience (all)