Neurologic complications of cervical cancer. A review of 2261 cases

Thomas Saphner, Holly H. Gallion, John R. van Nagell, Richard Kryscio, Roy A. Patchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


The authors reviewed the records of 2261 patients with histologically proven cervical cancer. Among the 1042 patients with carcinoma in situ, four neurologic complications occurred (0.4%), including three strokes and one seizure. None of the neurologic complications were related to cervical cancer. Among the 1219 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Stage I or greater disease, 99 neurologic complications occurred (8%). Metastatic neurologic complications were twice as common as nonmetastatic neurologic complications and included lumbosacral plexopathy (50 patients), peripheral nerve compressions (eight patients), spinal cord compressions (two patients), and brain metastases (six patients). Nonmetastatic neurologic complications were less frequent and included stroke (11 patients), encephalopathies (three patients), infectious complications (two patients), effects of therapy (six patients), and seizures (11 patients). In conclusion, neurologic complications are rare in cervical cancer and virtually nonexistant in Stage 0 disease. Metastatic neurologic complications were more common than nonmetastatic complications and lumbosacral plexopathy caused by retroperitoneal lymph node metastases was the most common neurologic complication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1147-1151
Number of pages5
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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