Neurological syndromes among horses in The Netherlands a 5 year retrospective survey (1999–2004)

L. S. Goehring, M. M.Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, C. van Maanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


The presence of toxins or infectious agents combined with environmental factors in combination susceptible host can be the with a cause for neurological disease in groups of horses. During a 5 year observational period outbreaks of neurological diseases among horses were evaluated. Causes of occurring neurological diseases were equine botulism, lolitrem intoxications, equine herpesvirus type 1-associated myelo(encephalo)pathy, and encephalitis caused by (disseminated) Streptococcus equi subspecies equi infection. This article focuses on the first three syndromes because of their predominant influence on locomotion. The pathogenesis of each disease is presented, followed by a description of a general presentation of the diseases as encountered under Dutch circumstances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-20
Number of pages10
JournalVeterinary Quarterly
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2005


  • Bacterial diseases
  • Botulism
  • Encephalitis
  • Encephalopathy
  • Equine diseases
  • Equine herpesvirus type 1 infections
  • Herpesvirus infections
  • Horse diseases
  • Intoxication
  • Lolitrem intoxication
  • Myeloencephalopathy
  • Myelopathy
  • Streptococcus equi subspecies equi encephalitis
  • Viral diseases
  • West Nile virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Veterinary


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