The purpose of this study was to identify neuromuscular characteristics related to dynamic restraint in the knee. Observing compensatory changes to these characteristics in women with anterior cruciate ligament injuries provides important information for understanding functional knee stability, injury prevention, and performance. Twelve female subjects with anterior cruciate ligament injuries and 17 female control subjects participated in this study to assess electromyographic activity during landing from a hop and knee perturbation; hamstring muscle stiffness and flexibility; and isokinetic strength. Females with anterior cruciate ligament deficiencies had significantly increased preparatory muscle activity in the lateral hamstring before landing, but no differences in reactive muscle activity during landing or reflex latency after joint perturbation. Females with anterior cruciate ligament deficiencies had significantly less hamstring muscle stiffness and flexibility, but also had greater peak torque and torque development for knee flexion. Lower Lysholm scores were observed in females with anterior cruciate ligament deficiencies but no difference was found in functional performance of the single leg hop test. These neuromuscular characteristics provide a foundation for future research investigating injury prevention and rehabilitation techniques that maximize dynamic restraint through stiffness regulation and the timing of specific muscle activation strategies.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research|
|State||Published - Aug 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine