Neuronal binding by antibodies can be influenced by low pH stress during the isolation procedure

Wei Zhang, Chaitanya Joshi, Chad Smith, Thomas A. Ujas, Jacqueline R. Rivas, Lindsay Cowell, Scott Christley, Ann M. Stowe, Nancy L. Monson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Low pH stress and its influence on antibody binding is a common consideration among chemists, but is only recently emerging as a consideration in Immunological studies. Antibody characterizations in Multiple Sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disease of the Central Nervous System (CNS) has revealed that antibodies in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Multiple Sclerosis bind to myelin-related and non-myelin antigen targets. Many laboratories have used molecular biology techniques to generate recombinant human antibodies (rhAbs) expressed by individual B cells from healthy donors and patients with systemic autoimmune disease to identify antigen targets. This approach has been adapted within the Neuroimmunology research community to investigate antigen targets of individual B cells in the CSF of MS patients. Our laboratory determines which antibodies to clone based on their immunogenetics and this method enriches for cloning of rhAbs that bind to neurons. However, newer technologies to assist in purification of these rhAbs from culture supernatants use an acidic elution buffer which may enhance low pH stress on the antibody structure. Our laboratory routinely uses a basic elution buffer to purify rhAbs from culture supernatants to avoid low pH stress to the antibody structure. Our goal was to investigate whether acidic elution of our rhAbs using Next Generation Chromatography would impact the rhAbs' ability to bind neurons. The limited data presented here for two neuron-binding rhAbs tested indicated that acidic elution buffers used during rhAb purification impacted the ability of rhAbs with low CDR3 charge to maintain binding to neuronal targets. Reproducibility in a larger panel of rhAbs and factors underlying these observations remain untested.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113535
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


  • Antibody antigen interaction
  • Antibody isolation
  • CDR3 charge
  • Neuronal binding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


Dive into the research topics of 'Neuronal binding by antibodies can be influenced by low pH stress during the isolation procedure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this