Neurotoxicology: Clinical Approach and Causal Inference

Mam Ibraheem, Dong Y. Han, Michael R. Dobbs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Clinical neurotoxicology is an unrecognized neurologic subspecialty. Few neurology residency programs offer an organized education or training in the field. Nevertheless, neurotoxic exposures and subsequent injuries are common. This article provides a basic approach to clinical assessment and causal inference. It addresses the knowledge gap for clinical practice and provides a thematic structure to use interdisciplinary resources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)737-748
Number of pages12
JournalNeurologic Clinics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.


  • Causality
  • Epidemiology
  • Evidence-based toxicology
  • Neurology
  • Toxicology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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