Neurotrophic protein S100β stimulates glial cell proliferation

R. H. Selinfreund, S. W. Barger, W. J. Pledger, L. J. Van Eldik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

319 Scopus citations


Nervous system development involves a coordinated series of events, including regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation by specific extracellular factors. S100β is a neurotrophic protein that has been implicated in regulation of cellular proliferation, but direct evidence was lacking. In this report, nanomolar concentrations of S100β are shown to stimulate proliferation of rat C6 glioma cells and primary astrocytes. An S100 mutant with a single amino acid change was inactive. S100β also stimulated increases in the steady-state levels of c-myc and c-fos protooncogene mRNAs and complemented the effects of platelet-derived growth factor. Two neuroblastoma cell lines did not proliferate in response to S100β, suggesting that the mitogenic activity of S100β is selective for astroglial cells. These results suggest that S100β may be involved in the coordinate development and maintenance of the central nervous system by synchronously stimulating the differentiation of neurons and the proliferation of astroglia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3554-3558
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1991


  • Astrocyte
  • Mitogen
  • Mutagenesis
  • Platelet-derived growth factor
  • Protooncogene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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