TY - JOUR

T1 - Neutron suppression in polarized [Formula Presented] fusion reaction

AU - Zhang, J. S.

AU - Liu, K. F.

AU - Shuy, G. W.

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - We report a model-independent partial-wave analysis of polarized [Formula Presented] fusion reactions at low energies. The radial transition amplitudes, designated by the central, spin-orbit, and tensor forces, are determined by fitting angular distributions of the tensor and vector analyzing powers [Formula Presented] [Formula Presented] and [Formula Presented] and the unpolarized cross section [Formula Presented] The polarized fusion cross section [Formula Presented] is then predicted from these radial transition amplitudes. We stress that this is feasible only when these amplitudes are separated according to the tensor rank of the interaction. This study includes the D-state components of the deuteron, triton, and [Formula Presented] and the partial-wave expansion is done up to the d wave for both the entrance and exit channels. Experimental data at [Formula Presented] 50, 70, and 90 keV for the [Formula Presented] reaction are very well fitted with this method. It is found that the ratio of polarized to unpolarized cross sections is about 86% at 30 keV and goes down to 22% at 90 keV. The implication of the suppression of a polarized [Formula Presented] fusion reaction is discussed in the context of the neutron-lean fusion reactor with polarized D-[Formula Presented] fuel. It turns out that the important range of energy for suppressing the [Formula Presented] and [Formula Presented] reactions at the plasma temperature [Formula Presented] keV is [Formula Presented]–600 keV. More experimental data are needed in this range to make a detailed study of the neutron suppression.

AB - We report a model-independent partial-wave analysis of polarized [Formula Presented] fusion reactions at low energies. The radial transition amplitudes, designated by the central, spin-orbit, and tensor forces, are determined by fitting angular distributions of the tensor and vector analyzing powers [Formula Presented] [Formula Presented] and [Formula Presented] and the unpolarized cross section [Formula Presented] The polarized fusion cross section [Formula Presented] is then predicted from these radial transition amplitudes. We stress that this is feasible only when these amplitudes are separated according to the tensor rank of the interaction. This study includes the D-state components of the deuteron, triton, and [Formula Presented] and the partial-wave expansion is done up to the d wave for both the entrance and exit channels. Experimental data at [Formula Presented] 50, 70, and 90 keV for the [Formula Presented] reaction are very well fitted with this method. It is found that the ratio of polarized to unpolarized cross sections is about 86% at 30 keV and goes down to 22% at 90 keV. The implication of the suppression of a polarized [Formula Presented] fusion reaction is discussed in the context of the neutron-lean fusion reactor with polarized D-[Formula Presented] fuel. It turns out that the important range of energy for suppressing the [Formula Presented] and [Formula Presented] reactions at the plasma temperature [Formula Presented] keV is [Formula Presented]–600 keV. More experimental data are needed in this range to make a detailed study of the neutron suppression.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevC.60.054614

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevC.60.054614

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85035286832

SN - 0556-2813

VL - 60

SP - 17

JO - Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics

JF - Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics

IS - 5

ER -