Neutron suppression in polarized [Formula Presented] fusion reaction

J. S. Zhang, K. F. Liu, G. W. Shuy

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1 Scopus citations


We report a model-independent partial-wave analysis of polarized [Formula Presented] fusion reactions at low energies. The radial transition amplitudes, designated by the central, spin-orbit, and tensor forces, are determined by fitting angular distributions of the tensor and vector analyzing powers [Formula Presented] [Formula Presented] and [Formula Presented] and the unpolarized cross section [Formula Presented] The polarized fusion cross section [Formula Presented] is then predicted from these radial transition amplitudes. We stress that this is feasible only when these amplitudes are separated according to the tensor rank of the interaction. This study includes the D-state components of the deuteron, triton, and [Formula Presented] and the partial-wave expansion is done up to the d wave for both the entrance and exit channels. Experimental data at [Formula Presented] 50, 70, and 90 keV for the [Formula Presented] reaction are very well fitted with this method. It is found that the ratio of polarized to unpolarized cross sections is about 86% at 30 keV and goes down to 22% at 90 keV. The implication of the suppression of a polarized [Formula Presented] fusion reaction is discussed in the context of the neutron-lean fusion reactor with polarized D-[Formula Presented] fuel. It turns out that the important range of energy for suppressing the [Formula Presented] and [Formula Presented] reactions at the plasma temperature [Formula Presented] keV is [Formula Presented]–600 keV. More experimental data are needed in this range to make a detailed study of the neutron suppression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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