Neutrophil Elastase Inhibition by Sivelestat (ONO-5046) Attenuates AngII-Induced Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice

Yoshiko Hada, Haruhito A. Uchida, Shugo Okamoto, Nozomu Otaka, Katsuyoshi Katayama, Venkateswaran Subramanian, Alan Daugherty, Jun Wada

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an arterial disease characterized by dilatation of the aortic wall. It has been suggested that neutrophil counts and neutrophil elastase activity are associated with AAA. We investigated whether a neutrophil elastase (NE) inhibitor, sivelestat (Siv), had a protective effect against angiotensin II (AngII)-induced AAAs. METHODS: Male apolipoprotein E-deficient mice were assigned into three groups: Vehicle + saline, AngII + saline, and AngII + Siv. All mice were administered intraperitoneally with either Siv or vehicle twice daily after AngII infusion. RESULTS: In the 4-week AngII infusion study, plasma NE concentration (P = 0.041) and its activity (P = 0.011) were elevated by AngII. These increases were attenuated by Siv (concentration:P = 0.010, activity:P = 0.027). Further, plasma elastase activity was closely correlated with aortic width (R = 0.6976, P < 0.001). In the 1-week AngII infusion study, plasma and tissue elastase activity increased by AngII (plasma:P = 0.034, tissue:P < 0.001), but were reduced by Siv (plasma:P = 0.014, tissue:P = 0.024). AngII increased aortic width (P = 0.011) but was attenuated by co-Administration of Siv (P = 0.022). Moreover, Siv decreased the incidence of AAAs (P = 0.009). Elastin fragmentation induced by AngII was reduced by Siv. Many inflammatory cells that were either CD68 or Gr-1 positive were observed in the AngII + saline group, whereas few inflammatory cells were accumulated in the AngII + Siv group. MMP-2 and MMP-9 were enhanced by AngII, but were reduced by Siv. In vitro, MMP-2 activity was induced by human NE (medium:P < 0.001, cells:P = 0.001), which was attenuated by co-incubation of Siv in medium (P < 0.001) and protein of human aortic smooth muscle cells (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Siv attenuated AngII-induced AAA through the inhibition of NE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-357
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • blood pressure
  • elastase
  • human aortic smooth muscle cells
  • hypertension
  • sivelestat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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