New insights on the differential interaction of sulfiredoxin with members of the peroxiredoxin family revealed by protein-protein docking and experimental studies

Murli Mishra, Hong Jiang, Qiou Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sulfiredoxin (Srx) is the enzyme that restores the peroxidase activity of peroxiredoxins (Prxs) through catalyzing the reduction of hyperoxidized Prxs back to their active forms. This process involves protein-protein interaction in an enzyme-substrate binding manner. The integrity of the Srx-Prx axis contributes to the pathogenesis of various oxidative stress related human disorders including cancer, inflammation, cardiovascular and neurological diseases. The purpose of this study is to understand the structural and molecular biology of the Srx-Prx interaction, which may be of significance for prediction of target site for the novel drug-discovery. Homology modeling and protein-protein docking approaches were applied to examine the Srx-Prx interaction using online platforms including ITASSER, Phyre2, Swissmodel, AlphaFold, MZDOCK and ZDOCK. By in-silico studies, A 26-amino acid motif at the C-terminus of Prx1 was predicted to cause a steric hindrance for the kinetics of the Srx-Prx1 interaction. These predictions were tested in-vitro using purified recombinant proteins including Srx, full-length Prxs, and C-terminus deleted Prxs. We confirmed that deletion of the C-terminus of Prxs significantly enhanced its rate of association with Srx (i.e. >1000 fold increase in the ka of the Srx-Prx1 interaction) with minimal effect on the rate of dissociation (kd). Differential interaction of Srx with individual members of the Prx family was further examined in cultured cells. Taken together, these data add novel molecular and structural insights critical for the understanding of the biology of the Srx-Prx interaction that may be of value for the development of targeted therapy for human disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number175873
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume954
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 5 2023

Bibliographical note

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© 2023 Elsevier B.V.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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