NF-κB Has a Direct Role in Inhibiting Bmp- and Wnt-Induced Matrix Protein Expression

Rohinton S. Tarapore, Jason Lim, Chen Tian, Sandra Pacios, Wenmei Xiao, Daniel Reid, Hancheng Guan, Marcelo Mattos, Bo Yu, Cun Yu Wang, Dana T. Graves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The host response to pathogens through nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) is an essential defense mechanism for eukaryotic organisms. NF-κB-mediated host responses inhibit bone and other connective tissue synthesis and are thought to affect the transcription of matrix proteins through multiple indirect pathways. We demonstrate that inhibiting NF-κB in osteoblasts increases osteocalcin expression in vivo in mice with periodontal disease. Mutating NF-κB binding sites on osteocalcin (OC) or bone sialoprotein (Bsp) promoters rescues the negative impact of NF-κB on their transcription and that NF-κB can inhibit Wnt- and Bmp-induced OC and Bsp transcription, even when protein synthesis is inhibited, indicating a direct effect of NF-κB. This inhibition depends on p65-p50 NF-κB heterodimer formation and deacetylation by HDAC1 but is not affected by the noncanonical NF-κB pathway. Moreover, NF-κB reduces Runx2 and β-catenin binding to OC/Bsp promoters independently of their nuclear localization. Thus, inflammatory signals stimulate the direct interaction of NF-κB with response elements to inhibit binding of β-catenin and Runx2 binding to nearby consensus sites and reduce expression of matrix proteins. This direct mechanism provides a new explanation for the rapid decrease in new bone formation after inflammation-related NF-κB activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-64
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.


  • BMP
  • NF-κB
  • TNFα
  • WNT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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