Nitrogen-free bifunctional bianthryl leads to stable white-light emission in bilayer and multilayer OLED devices

Samik Jhulki, Saona Seth, Shahnawaz Rafiq, Avijit Ghosh, Tahsin J. Chow, Jarugu Narasimha Moorthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


White organic light-emitting diodes (WOLEDs) are at the center stage of OLED research today because of their advantages in replacing the high energy-consuming lighting technologies in vogue for a long time. New materials that emit white light in simple devices are much sought after. We have developed two novel electroluminescent materials, referred to as BABZF and BATOMe, based on a twisted bianthryl core, which are brilliantly fluorescent, thermally highly stable with high Td and Tg, and exhibit reversible redox property. Although inherently blue emissive, BABZF leads to white-light emission (CIE ≈ 0.28, 0.33) with a moderate power efficiency of 2.24 lm/W and a very high luminance of 15 600 cd/m2 in the fabricated multilayer nondoped OLED device. This device exhibited excellent color stability over a range of applied potential. Remarkably, similar white-light emission was captured even from a double-layer device, attesting to the innate hole-transporting ability of BABZF despite it being non-nitrogenous, that is, lacking any traditional hole-transporting di-/triarylamino group(s). Similar studies with BATOMe led to inferior device performance results, thereby underscoring the importance of dibenzofuryl groups in BABZF. Experimental as well as theoretical studies suggest the possibility of emission from multiple species involving BABZF and its exciplex and electroplex in the devices. The serendipitously observed white-light emission from a double-layer device fabricated with an unconventional hole-transporting material (HTM) opens up new avenues to create new non-nitrogenous HTMs that may lead to more efficient white-light emission in simple double-layer devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1416-1424
Number of pages9
JournalACS Omega
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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