Nitrogen requirements for deficit-irrigated bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.) fairways in South Florida

Marco Schiavon, Travis W. Shaddox, Karen E. Williams, Sergio Gallo, P.  Agustin Boeri, J. Bryan Unruh, Jason Kruse, Kevin Kenworthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Several new bermudagrass cultivars are available and commonly used on golf course fairways. However, little is known about their cultural requirements or how these cultivars perform under lower inputs regimes. A 2-year study was conducted at University of Florida, Fort Lauderdale Research and Education Center, to assess performance of four hybrid bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon L. Pers. X Cynodon transvaalensis (Burtt-Davy)] cultivars (‘Latitude 36’, ‘Tifway 419’, ‘TifGrand’ and ‘TifTuf’), and 2 common bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon L. Pers.) cultivars (‘Bimini’ and ‘Celebration’) irrigated at either 50% or 80% reference evapotranspiration (ETo) and fertilised at either 0, 146, 244, or 342 kg N ha−1 year−1. Plots were evaluated monthly for turfgrass quality, dark green colour index (DGCI), normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI), and Chlorophyll Index, and seasonally for N tissue content. Plots watered at 80% ETo enhanced bermudagrass quality compared to 50% ETo, DGCI and NDVI only in two months out of 24. Latitude 36 and Celebration were the top-rated cultivars, and their quality was not affected by no N fertilisation. Conversely, TifGrand, TifTuf and Tifway that received no N fertilisation resulted in insufficient quality during the second year of the study. Insufficient quality may be linked to reduced N metabolization compared to the highest rated cultivars. Results show that new cultivars such as Latitude 36 and Bimini could be maintained at sufficient quality levels with reduced water and N inputs in South Florida.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Agronomy and Crop Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

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© 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • deficit irrigation
  • nitrogen fertilisation
  • turfgrass
  • water management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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