The three-dimensional solution structure of the DNA-binding domain of Mlu-1 box binding protein (Mbp1) has been determined by multidimensional NMR spectroscopy. Mbpl is a cell cycle transcription factor from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and consists of an N-terminal DNA-binding domain, a series of ankyrin repeats, and a heterodimerization domain at the C-terminus. A set of conformers comprising 19 refined structures was calculated via a molecular dynamics simulated annealing protocol using distance, dihedral angle, and residual dipolar coupling restraints derived from either double or triple resonance NMR experiments. The solution structure consists of a six-stranded β-sheet segment folded against two pairs of α-helices in the topology of the winged helix-turn-helix family of proteins and is in agreement with the X-ray structures. In addition, the solution structure shows that the C-terminal tail region of this domain folds back and makes specific interactions with the N-terminal β-strand of the protein. This C-terminal region is essential for full DNA-binding activity but appears in the X-ray structure to be disordered. The fold-back structure extends the region of positive electrostatic potential, and this may enhance the nonspecific contribution to binding by favorable electrostatic interactions with the DNA backbone.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Feb 11 2003|
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