We present results of transverse acoustics studies in superfluid 3He-B at fields up to 0.11 T. Using acoustic cavity interferometry, we observe the acoustic Faraday effect for a transverse sound wave propagating along the magnetic field, and we measure Faraday rotations of the polarization as large as 1710â̂̃. We use these results to determine the Zeeman splitting of the imaginary squashing mode, an order-parameter collective mode with total angular momentum J=2. We show that the pairing interaction in the f-wave channel is attractive at a pressure of P=6 bars. We also report nonlinear field dependence of the Faraday rotation at frequencies substantially above the mode frequency not accounted for in the theory of the transverse-acoustic dispersion relation formulated for frequencies near the mode. Consequently, we have identified the region of validity of the theory allowing us to make corrections to the analysis of Faraday rotation experiments performed in earlier work.
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
|Published - Jan 3 2013
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics