Nonsteroidal lazaroid U78517F in models of focal and global ischemia

E. D. Hall, K. E. Pazara, J. M. Braughler, K. L. Linseman, E. J. Jacobsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


U78517F is a novel inhibitor of iron-catalyzed lipid peroxidation that combines the tetramethylchroman antioxidant ring portion of α-tocopherol with the amine of the previously described 21-aminosteriods (e.g., U74006F). U78517F inhibited 200 μM FeCl2-initiated lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenates by 50% at a cencentration of 0.6 μM compared with 8 μM for U74006F, 28 μM for α-tocopherol, and 43 μM for the ring portion of α-tocopherol (i.e., trolox). U78517F is devoid of hypothermic or antiexcitotoxic actions or interactions with known neurotransmitter receptors. When administered intraperitoneally to male gerbils at 10 minutes before and again at the end of a 3-hour period of unilateral carotid artery occlusion, U78517F decreased 24-hour postischemic cortical neuronal necrosis. Neuronal density in the medial portion of the cortex was increased from 34.2% of normal in vehicle-treated animals to 86.3% in the U78517F-treated animals. In the lateral cortical area, the vehicle group showed only 3.3% neuronal survival versus 48.2% in the drug-treated group. In a separate series of experiments with the same focal ischemia model, identical dosing with U78517F enhanced the postischemic recovery of cortical extracellular calcium without any effect on ischemic or postischemic cortical blood flow. The effect on calcium recovery was observed at intraperitoneal doses as low as 0.1 mg/kg. The compound also was effective in partially attenuating 1-week postischemic hippocampal CA1 neuronal loss in a gerbil global ischemia model involving brief (15-minute) bilateral carotid occlusion, but sustained dosing was required. These results document the anti-ischemic efficacy of a novel and potent inhibitor of iron-catalyzed lipid peroxidation and further support a key role of oxygen radicals in postischemic brain damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)III-83-III-87
Issue number11 SUPPL.
StatePublished - 1990


  • Calcium
  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Gerbil
  • Lipid peroxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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