Novel anti-campylobacter compounds identified using high throughput screening of a pre-selected enriched small molecules library

Anand Kumar, Mary Drozd, Ruby Pina-Mimbela, Xiulan Xu, Yosra A. Helmy, Janet Antwi, James R. Fuchs, Corey Nislow, Jillian Templeton, Patrick J. Blackall, Gireesh Rajashekara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Campylobacter is a leading cause of foodborne bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide and infections can be fatal. The emergence of antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter spp. necessitates the development of new antimicrobials. We identified novel anti-Campylobacter small molecule inhibitors using a high throughput growth inhibition assay. To expedite screening, we made use of a "bioactive" library of 4182 compounds that we have previously shown to be active against diverse microbes. Screening for growth inhibition of Campylobacter jejuni, identified 781 compounds that were either bactericidal or bacteriostatic at a concentration of 200 μM. Seventy nine of the bactericidal compounds were prioritized for secondary screening based on their physico-chemical properties. Based on the minimum inhibitory concentration against a diverse range of C. jejuni and a lack of effect on gut microbes, we selected 12 compounds. No resistance was observed to any of these 12 lead compounds when C. jejuni was cultured with lethal or sub-lethal concentrations suggesting that C. jejuni is less likely to develop resistance to these compounds. Top 12 compounds also possessed low cytotoxicity to human intestinal epithelial cells (Caco-2 cells) and no hemolytic activity against sheep red blood cells. Next, these 12 compounds were evaluated for ability to clear C. jejuni in vitro. A total of 10 compounds had an anti-C. jejuni effect in Caco-2 cells with some effective even at 25 μM concentrations. These novel 12 compounds belong to five established antimicrobial chemical classes; piperazines, aryl amines, piperidines, sulfonamide, and pyridazinone. Exploitation of analogs of these chemical classes may provide Campylobacter specific drugs that can be applied in both human and animal medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Article number405
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume7
Issue numberAPR
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 6 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Kumar, Drozd, Pina-Mimbela, Xu, Helmy, Antwi, Fuchs, Nislow, Templeton, Blackall and Rajashekara.

Keywords

  • Campylobacter
  • Enriched small molecules library
  • Food safety
  • High throughput screening
  • Small molecules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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