Novel application and validation of in vivo micro-CT to study bone modelling in 3D

Ulas Oz, Antonio Carlos Ruellas, Philip M. Westgate, Lucia H. Cevidanes, Sarandeep S. Huja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objectives: The aim is to highlight a novel three-dimensional (3D) imaging methodology using micro-CT scans to visualize and measure bone modelling in an animal model. In order to validate the new methodology, we compared the 3D imaging method to traditional two-dimensional (2D) histomorphometry to assess growth changes in the jaws of a rodent. Setting and sample population: Rodent animal models. Material and methods: Eleven rats were obtained from a larger previously published study. Sixty undecalcified histological sections from the maxilla and corresponding high-resolution in vivo micro-CT reconstructions were obtained. Bone modelling changes on specific alveolar surfaces were measured using traditional histomorphometry. Measurements of bone growth were also obtained via 3D Slicer software from 3D micro-CT generated models from the same plane containing the histological images. Both qualitative and quantitative 3D methods were compared to traditional histological measurements. Quantitative agreement between methods was categorized as follows: poor (>150 μm), good (150-100 μm) and excellent (<100 μm). Results: Both qualitative (88.3%) and quantitative (86.7%) 3D measurements showed excellent agreement, when compared to histomorphometric measurements. Only 1.7% and 5% of the comparisons exhibited poor agreement (>150 μm) for qualitative and quantitative methods, respectively. Discussion: The new 3D superimposition method compares very favourably with traditional histology. It is likely that in the future, such methods will be used in studies of bone adaptation. Conclusion: The 3D micro-CT qualitative and quantitative methods are reliable for measuring bone modelling changes and compare favourably to histology for the specific application described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-95
Number of pages6
JournalOrthodontics and Craniofacial Research
Issue numberS1
StatePublished - May 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd


  • 3D Animal Model
  • bone modelling
  • colour maps
  • histology
  • micro-CT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics
  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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