Novel biomarkers in hepatocellular carcinoma

Felice De Stefano, Eduardo Chacon, Lilia Turcios, Francesc Marti, Roberto Gedaly

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths and the fifth most common cancer worldwide. Most of these patients are seen with advanced disease at the time of presentation. In spite of its high prevalence, there are not many therapeutic options available for patients with advanced-stage HCC. There is an urgent need for improving early detection and prognostication of patients with HCC. In addition, the development of new therapies targeting specific pathways involved in the pathogenesis of HCC should be a major goal for future research, with the objective of improving outcomes of patients with HCC. Biomarkers represent a relatively easy and noninvasive way to detect and estimate disease prognosis. In spite of the numerous efforts to find molecules as possible biomarkers, there is not a single ideal marker in HCC. Many new findings have shown promising results both in diagnosing and treating HCC. In this review, we summarized the most recent and relevant biomarkers in HCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1115-1123
Number of pages9
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume50
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Circular RNAs
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Micro RNAs
  • Tumor microenvironment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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