Novelty seeking, incentive salience and acquisition of cocaine self-administration in the rat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


It has been suggested that incentive salience plays a major role in drug abuse and the development of addiction. Additionally, novelty seeking has been identified as a significant risk factor for drug abuse. However, how differences in the readiness to attribute incentive salience relate to novelty seeking and drug abuse vulnerability has not been explored. The present experiments examined how individual differences in incentive salience attribution relate to novelty seeking and acquisition of cocaine self-administration in a preclinical model. Rats were first assessed in an inescapable novelty task and a novelty place preference task (measures of novelty seeking), followed by a Pavlovian conditioned approach task for food (a measure of incentive salience attribution). Rats then were trained to self-administer cocaine (0.3 or 1.0. mg/kg/infusion) using an autoshaping procedure. The results demonstrate that animals that attributed incentive salience to a food-associated cue were higher novelty seekers and acquired cocaine self-administration more quickly at the lower dose. The results suggest that novelty-seeking behavior may be a mediator of incentive salience attribution and that incentive salience magnitude may be an indicator of drug reward.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-165
Number of pages7
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Kate Fischer for her technical assistance. This work was supported by NIH grants T32 DA007304 and P50 DA05312 .


  • Autoshaping
  • Goal tracking
  • Incentive salience
  • Novelty
  • Sign tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'Novelty seeking, incentive salience and acquisition of cocaine self-administration in the rat'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this