This is a phase I, placebo-controlled, single ascending dose safety and tolerability study of NP001 in patients with ALS. NP001 is a novel regulator of inflammatory macrophages and monocytes. As ALS progression is thought to be related to neuroinflammation, an additional objective of the study was to assess the effects of NP001 administration on monocyte activation markers. Thirty-two ALS patients were enrolled and received either placebo (eight) or one of four (six at each dose) ascending single i.v. doses (0.2, 0.8, 1.6 and 3.2 mg/kg NP001). Patients were monitored for safety, and blood monocyte immune activation markers CD16 and HLA-DR were assessed pre- and 24 h post-dosing. Changes from baseline were calculated. Results showed that NP001 was generally safe and well tolerated. Importantly, a single dose of NP001 caused a dose-dependent reduction in expression of monocyte CD16, a marker of monocyte activation/inflammation. Additionally, monocyte HLA-DR expression was also decreased in those patients with elevated values at baseline. In conclusion, these data indicate that NP001 has an acute effect on inflammatory monocytes in ALS patient blood. The potential for modulation of inflammation in the context of ALS disease progression will require further study with long-term follow-up.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2014|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Neuraltus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Palo Alto, CA). We are grateful to the individuals who participated in the study, and three ALS clinical sites and their coordination staff: California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA; University of Kansas Medical Center Research Institute, Kansas City, KS; University of Kentucky ALS Center, Kentucky Neuroscience Institute, Lexington, KY for conducting the NP001 phase I trial. We also thank the AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource (ACSR) and the UCSF Core immunology laboratory (UCSF, San Francisco, CA) for flow cytometry analysis.
© 2014 Informa Healthcare.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology