NRQED Lagrangian at order 1/M4

Richard J. Hill, Gabriel Lee, Gil Paz, Mikhail P. Solon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


The parity and time-reversal invariant effective Lagrangian for a heavy fermion interacting with an Abelian gauge field, i.e., NRQED, is constructed through order 1/M4. The implementation of Lorentz invariance in the effective theory becomes nontrivial at this order, and a complete solution for Wilson coefficient constraints is obtained. Matching conditions in the one-fermion sector are presented in terms of form factors and two-photon matrix elements of the nucleon. The extension of NRQED to describe interactions of the heavy fermion with a light fermion is introduced. Sample applications are discussed; these include the computation of nuclear structure effects in atomic bound states, the model-independent analysis of radiative corrections to low-energy lepton-nucleon scattering, and the study of static electromagnetic properties of nucleons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053017
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 25 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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